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Researchers uncover earliest tobacco use in the Pacific Northwest

UC Davis researchers uncover earliest tobacco use in the Pacific Northwest
The earliest known usage of tobacco in the Pacific Northwest was smoked using a pipe similar to this one, according to Shannon Tushingham, a UC Davis archaeology research associate. Credit: Shannon Tushingham

(Phys.org)—Native American hunter-gatherers living more than a thousand years ago in what is now northwestern California ate salmon, acorns and other foods, and now we know they also smoked tobacco—the earliest known usage in the Pacific Northwest, according to a new University of California, Davis, study.

"The study demonstrates that was part of the northwestern California culture very early ... shortly after the earliest documented Pacific Northwest Coast plank house villages," said the study, published in the .

Testing organic residues extracted from pipes, researchers from the UC Davis Department of Anthropology and the Fiehn Metabolomics Laboratory of the UC Davis Genome Center confirmed was smoked, and likely grown in the region, by at least A.D. 860.

Perhaps more importantly, the researchers say that additional studies may help them better understand the origins of and the human management, geographic range extension and cultivation of tobacco. Indeed, as part of a second study, the authors have recently detected nicotine in ancient pipes from an 800-year-old site in the modern city of Pleasanton, Calif.

Referencing the American chat show host, he quipped: 'I've always wanted to meet Jay Leno,' before laughing to himself. Clearly unimpressed, Dallas Buyers Club star Jared hit back: 'Sorry, what was your name again?'But audiences seemed to pick up on the atmosphere between the two, with one viewer joking: 'Think Jared Leto got a bit paranoid about Grinder looking at him.'
挪威两度拒绝成为欧盟成员国,整体排名为地第十。“公民权益”排名第一,“最透明”国度排名第二。
在经济大幅放缓和复苏不顺的过程中,美联储的计划几乎都没有按照原先设定的那样去实施,美联储官员们现在也公开承认了这一事实。美联储主席贝南克(Ben Bernanke)上个月在其最后一次新闻发布会上表示,美联储对于增长步伐感到失望,同时也没有完全弄明白其中的原因。
对欧盟、日本和香港(香港是中国向世界其它很多地区出口的一个中转站)出口分别下跌4.1%、9.5%和12.2%。
Mr. Nathan was among the few dealers actively bidding at the evening sales. Buying on behalf of a client, he paid 506,500, or twice the estimate, at Christie’s for Charles-Antoine Coypel’s 1737 painting, “The Destruction of the Palace of Armida.”
我们总会不断地去思考着NBA一个赛季接着一个赛季的时间流逝,原因也很明显。在流逝的过程中,每一项事物都是有联系的,整个过程就是一个连续体。这就是我们记住在一个赛季当中所发生事情的方式。当我们翻看日历,从1月1日到12月31日,回顾一下我们在这个过程中学到了什么,对我们来说是很有好处的。而且,很多人说NBA赛季的“非正式开端”是圣诞节,也正是因为新年很快就要开始了。下面是我们在2017年里所学到的关于nba的经验教训。

Prior to this recent testing, which used sensitive gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, researchers were unsure of the historical use of tobacco on the Coast. It was unclear, for example, whether European traders had brought tobacco to the area much later, or if some other plant had been smoked in the pipes, Tushingham said.

temptation
根据花旗居屋(Citi Habitats)提供的数据,在布鲁克林拟于明年投放市场的6527套新出租屋中,有1442套分布在贝德福德-斯图文森(Bedford-Stuyvesant)、布什维克(Bushwick)和克林顿山(Clinton Hill)。就在不久前,这些社区都还被视为不热门的地区。
The military parade in Beijing on Sept. 3 that commemorated the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II was the news event that users looked up the most on Baidu's search platform. The celebration featured thousands of troops marching past President Xi Jinping and his predecessors, Hu Jintao and Jiang Zemin, as well as foreign leaders, including President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia.
With both the S&P 500 and Nasdaq returning over 14% while the Dow and MidCap 400 each kicking in close to 10%, you would assume that passive investors would have an awful lot to celebrate this year. And indeed, they would have, if it weren’t for those pesky overseas stocks that did nothing but drag on the performance of any diversified portfolio.
观看《皮囊之下》再次让我想起另外一个比较:奥逊·威尔斯,成功的用收音机创造了火星入侵的骗局;还有《赝品》(1975)中,那个让他的伙伴奥佳·柯达穿着迷你短裙走在街上,然后偷偷拍摄那些男人们看她的淫荡表情。
2、冷静自若。007总是很平静。(对男女来说都有用)。即便是在死到临头的时候,也很冷静。这就是性感啊。邦德从不慌张失措。你没见过邦德腿发软手发抖吧。他讲话时语速慢而谨慎,从不乱阵脚。这些都是极富魅力的品质,遭遇劲敌面不改色-这很容易让女人心动不已。他从不向女人表白个不停,就让她们猜不透,搞不懂,这样更加有吸引力。邦德不常微笑也为他的性感加分,因为有幸福感的男人吸引不了女人。007的肢体语言很强势,阳刚血性,从不畏惧;007从不喋喋不休,让他更加优雅;007从不懒散,挺拔的体姿不仅增加自信心,还有力量感,看起来更强壮(身着燕尾服与恶棍搏斗看起来更有档次)。
中国国家统计局(NBS)周四表示,最新房地产价格指数显示,11月新房价格同比下跌3.7%,为连续第三个月同比下跌,10月和9月分别同比下跌2.6%和1.3%。
spontaneous

Agricultural raw materials, especially the so called soft commodities such as sugar, coffee and cotton, have been among the top performers this year.
I can't stop thinking that these children are my age, that it makes a tremendous difference where you are born, that I could be one of those children living in the Favellas of Rio; I could be a child starving in Somalia; a victim of war in the Middle East or a beggar in India. 我永远不能忘记这些和我同龄的孩子,当你出生的时候,他和我们真的很不相同,我也许生活在贫民窟,也可能是终日饿着肚子的小孩,也可能是中东战争的牺牲品,或者印度的小乞丐。
下面是开发一个商业平台时需要考虑的主要元素。这些元素可以帮助任何新公司制定明智的策略:
adj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的
……一边说从来不会让人看到他流汗,一边汗流不止。
但尽管安全研究人员不断发出警告,很多人仍在给个人设备设置安全等级弱、容易被破解的密码。
攻读EMBA也有利于升职。一位毕业生表示:“我获得的技能对我的升职至关重要。”五分之一的学员在毕业3年后担任首席执行官、执行董事或董事。学员们在读EMBA前的平均薪资为11.4万美元,毕业5年后增长52%至17.5万美元。
D型人格的人通常自尊心不足,害怕被反对。这也是他们不想向其他人敞开心扉的主要原因。

《南华早报》援引当地公安局李剑敏告诉新华社记者的消息:“整个加工车间里又腥又臭,人进去待一两分钟就受不了。”
Few years in recent decades dawned with as much of a sense of pessimism as 2014. One consistent theme in the predictions for the year was that 2014 looked eerily similar to 1914. Most pundits predicted doom and gloom, especially in east Asia. Yet, while there were many horrific events — from thedowning of flight MH17 over Ukraine, to the abduction of hundreds of schoolgirls in Nigeria and the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant — we have avoided outright world war. Now that the year is closed, with no repetition of 1914, it may be wise to investigate why the pundits were wrong, particularly on their ideas around the potential for conflict in Asia.
This assumes, of course, that Apple can find a way to build a $330 iPhone with cheaper parts, a slower processor, a lower resolution screen and perhaps a plastic body, thatisn't, in the phrase Tim Cook used at a Goldman Sachs conference last week, "a crappy product."
许多人认为韩国流行音乐产业的崛起是这个整容热潮背后的原因,许多人带着明星的照片来到整形医院,要求仿照明星的鼻型或眼睛来整容。

The study is available online.


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时间:2009-10-21 编辑:sunny

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Citation: Researchers uncover earliest tobacco use in the Pacific Northwest (2013, March 1) retrieved 18 November 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2013-03-uncover-earliest-tobacco-pacific-northwest.html
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